New law

ステレンボッシュの実験ルールの事は日本ではあまり知られていない。

この時点でラグビー後進国。

もう1年以上前に南アフリカのステレンボッシュ大学で2007年W杯後に予定されているラグビーのルール改正案を試合形式でテストした物で、それを素にAUSとNZのクラブラグビー(1軍のみ)では改正後のルールの一部を採用して、さらに実験が進められていた。

先週末から始まった新しいオーストラリアのナショナルコンペティションのMazda Cup APCでは、ほぼコレで決定と言われているW杯後の改正ルールで試合が行われている(NZのクラブで採用されていたのと同じ物)。

このルールの特徴は、フリーキックが増える事。すなわち、Play Timeが長くなる。
ランニングフィットネスが今以上に要求される訳です。

いち早くこのルールに対応したければ、Fitness Trainingに重点を置きましょう。
Super14レベルの選手たちも次の日に足の疲労感が違うと訴えていました。現に試合中につっている選手もチラホラと・・・

映像でしか見ていませんが、かなり辛そうです。

大きな変更点だけ、日本語に訳してみました。
(その他は面倒臭かったので、省略。気になる人は英語と格闘してください)

コレを知っていれば、世界のラグビーを先取りです。

Experimental Law Variations and Commentary
Touch Judges
1. TJ’s can indicate offside at the tackle by raising their flag horizontally in the direction of the offending team. This flag raising will be mirrored by the opposite TJ so as to provide visual assistance to the referee. The referee however is not obliged to act on the offence.
(タッチジャッチがフラッグを使ってタックルオフサイドの判定が出来るようになる)

Posts and flags around the field
2. Corner post, and post at corner of touch in goal and dead ball line are moved back 2 metres. This ensures consistency of touch along the entire length of the touch line and touch in goal line.
(コーナーフラッグの位置が2m外側になる(22mやハーフウェイと同じようなる)

Inside the 22 metre line
3. When a defending player receives the ball outside the 22 metre line and passes, puts or takes the ball back inside the 22, the following can occur:
守備側がボールを自陣22mの外でとってから22m内にパスした場合以下のことが起こりえる
a. If the ball is then kicked directly into touch, the lineout is in line with where the ball was kicked.
(すぐに何も起こらずボールを蹴ってダイレクトタッチだった場合、蹴った地点でラインアウト)
b. If a tackle, ruck or maul is subsequently formed or an opponent plays the ball and the ball is then kicked directly into touch, the lineout is where the ball crossed the touch line.
(もしタックルやラックが起きた後に蹴ってダイレクトで出た場合、出た場所でラインアウト)

Lineout
4. On a quick throw in, the ball can be thrown straight or backwards towards the defenders goal line, but not forward towards the opposition goal line. 
(クイックスロー時のスローインは自陣側に投げて良い)

5. A player peeling off at the front of the lineout can do so as soon as the ball leaves the throwers hands.
6. The receiver in a lineout must stand 2 metres from the lineout.
7. The non throwing hooker does not have to stand between the 5 metre line and the touch line. They must conform to law wherever they stand.
8. There is no maximum number of players in the lineout but there is a minimum of 2.
(ラインアウトには二人以上なら何人並んでも良い)

9. Neither team determines numbers in the lineout.
10. Pre-gripping is allowed.
11. If a lineout throw is not straight, the option is a lineout or FK to non throwing team. (Added 1 Oct).

Breakdown (tackle/post tackle)
12. Players entering the breakdown area must do so through the gate. RIGIDLY APPLIED
13. Immediately the tackle occurs there are offside lines.
14. The offside lines run parallel to the goal lines through the hindmost part of the hindmost player at the tackle.
15. A tackled player must immediately play the ball and may not be prevented from playing the ball by any player who is off their feet. (Added 1 Oct).
16. Any other player playing the ball at the breakdown must be on their feet. (Added 1 Oct)
17. If the ball is unplayable at the breakdown, the side that did not take the ball into contact will receive a FK.
(もしブレークダウンでアンプレイアブルになると、ボールを持ち込んだ反対側にFK)

18. If the ball is received directly from a kick and a tackle occurs immediately, and the ball becomes unplayable, the FK is given to the team who received the kick.
19. There are only 3 penalty offences (not including dangerous play) at the breakdown:
a. Offside for not coming through the gate.
b. Offside where defenders are in front of the last man on their side of the breakdown. i.e. the offside line.
c. Players on the ground preventing playing of the ball.
20. Repeated infringements can be dealt with as per current law.
21. A scrum option is available for all FKs.
22. Dangerous play will not be tolerated. Eg. Diving over the breakdown.
23. The half back should not be touched unless he has his hands on the ball.

Maul
24. Defending players can pull down the maul.
(モールコラプシングがOK)

25. Players joining the maul must do so through the gate. RIGIDLY APPLIED.
26. If a maul becomes unplayable, the team not in possession at the start of the maul receives a FK.
27. The ‘truck and trailer’ is no longer an offence.
(トラック&トレーラーOK)


Scrum
28. The offside line for players who are not in the scrum and who are not the teams scrum half, is 5 metres behind the hindmost foot of the scrum.
(スクラムのオフサイドラインは、ハーフとスクラム参加者以外は、最後尾の足の後方5m)


Sanctions
26. For all offences other than offside, not entering through the gate, and Law 10-Foul Play, the sanction is a FK.
*FK = Free Kick.
[PR]
by satoru_otsuka | 2007-08-15 15:03 | ラグビー
<< ラグビーに恋しています The Outback >>